Library Director – Milan & Berlin Heights, OH

Today’s Date: 12/02/2013

Job Closing Date: 12/31/2013

Job Title: Library Director

Institution Milan-Berlin Township Library District

Library Location: Milan & Berlin Heights Ohio

Website (if applicable):

Duties / Job description: Creative and resourceful individual, with a strong public-service orientation, needed to serve as a full time Library Director for the Milan-Berlin Public Library District (Milan-Berlin Heights, OH). Responsible for the planning and operations of both libraries, located in two communities which are 7 miles apart. Reports to a 7-member Board of Trustees and is responsible for overseeing a staff of 12-15 full and part-time staff members and managing an annual budget of approximately $750,000. Commitment to library excellence, experience in expanding library materials and technology, and eagerness to initiate and administer community and cultural programs is expected. The Library Director provides expertise in library management and is responsible for t he implementation of plans, policies, and priorities established by the Library Board of Trustees.

Qualifications: Candidates should have a thorough knowledge of the principles and practices of professional library work, have significant experience in the organization and management of library operations, including personnel administration, public relations, and demonstrated ability for leadership, creative problem solving, and innovation.

A master’s degree in library science and management experience is preferred; equivalent education and experience will be considered. Candidates should be comfortable in a PC environment, able to use Microsoft Office, Excel, Google Drive and Google Docs and Facebook.

Will out of state candidates be considered?

Salary Range: $50,000 – $55,000 depending on education and experience

How to apply? Email resume and contact information for three professional work references to: or mail it to Search Committee Chair, Milan Public Library, 19 East Church St. Milan, OH 44846

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.

Library Director – Algona, Iowa

Today’s Date: 11/29/2013

Job Closing Date: 12/20/2013

Job Title: Library Director

Institution Algona Public Library
Library Location: Algona, Iowa

Website (if applicable):

Duties / Job description: The Algona Public Library seeks a well organized, energetic, and innovative leader to manage the operations of the Library. This is a full time position with benefits. The Library Director reports to a 9-member Board of Trustees and serves as chief executive officer of the library and manages the facility, a staff of 10 people (7 FTE), the library finances, and all aspects of operations. The ideal candidate will have:

• The ability to work collaboratively
• Proven leadership ability
• The capability to be flexible and adaptable to change

The City of Algona, population 5,500, is the county seat of Kossuth County. There is a potential library renovation project in the future.

Please visit for full job description.

Qualifications: Bachelor’s degree required; Master of Library Science degree from ALA accredited institution preferred. Minimum two years of library experience required; some supervision experience preferred.

Will out of state candidates be considered?

Salary Range:

How to apply? Mail:
Library Director Search Committee
Algona Public Library
210 N Phillips St
Algona IA 50511



by 5:00pm on Friday, December 20, 2013

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.

E-learning and Rural Outreach Services – Spokane, WA

Today’s Date: 11/20/2013

Closing date – unknown

Job Title: Librarian: e-Learning and Rural Outreach Services

Anticipated hours per week: Full Time

Institution Community Colleges of Spokane, Spokane Community College

Library Location: Inland Northwest: Spokane county area, Washington State

Website (if applicable):


Working with online and rural faculty, and in collaboration with other library faculty, develop curriculum and instruct students at remote locations and online using instructional television and the course management tools, 21st century social media and mobile technologies, and other technology related to e-learning and remote delivery. Remote locations include the rural sites in the Northern Counties of Eastern Washington and the Pullman Center in Pullman, WA.
Provides professional librarian services and academic support to students, faculty and other librarian patrons at physical and virtual reference desks.

Provide leadership in the adoption of emerging instructional technologies and trends in online learning relevant to the Community Colleges of Spokane’s instructional mission;

Collaborate with CCS librarians, faculty, and staff to: create online learning tools and resources (e.g., online tutorials, web-casting instruction) that support the development of information literacy competencies; provide course-based information literacy instruction, assessment, collection development, and promote faculty awareness of new delivery modes and issues in scholarly communication; serve as liaison to the e-Learning and rural programs;

Participates in the identification, selection and acquisition of desired resources in various formats, particularly e-resources; may include participation in cooperative agreements to provide access to resources with other libraries.
Participate in library department meetings (both SCC and SFCC), CCS Library Services meetings, Instructional Support Services meetings, district and college meetings, as appropriate; Serve on district or college committees, councils and/or task forces and perform other activities within the scope of the position, in accordance with the faculty contract;
Complies with state and federal law applicable to professional duties and responsibilities; Follows established procedures in areas such as printing, office support, safety regulations and related administrative processes;
Support and advance the CCS strategic plan, and perform other duties as assigned;

In addition, librarians may:
Develop and deliver courses in library science, research and related subjects utilizing appropriate pedagogy and technology that facilitates student learning and success.
Supervise paraprofessional employees or direct the work of assigned work-study students.
Advise student clubs or associations.
Develop library instructional and/or promotional materials using a variety of technologies.
Provide training and direct service to both students and instructional faculty in the use of new instructional technologies designed to improve teaching and learning.
Provides training and direct service in the areas of reference, research, material acquisition, course management systems such as Blackboard and collection development.
Manage library collections to include oversight of circulation and technical services, shelving, and recording / assessment activities.

Qualifications: REQUIRED COMPETENCIES (Minimum Qualifications)

An earned Master’s degree in Library Science from an ALA accredited institution/program.
Acceptance of the responsibility to promote the welfare and best interests of students at all times.
Acceptance of and willingness to support the role that community colleges serve in higher education, and specifically the mission, values, goals and objectives of the Community Colleges of Spokane.
Ability to perform assigned duties in a manner consistent with applicable laws, regulations and goals of the institution and the community/technical college system.
A demonstrated understanding of and value for the contributions that a diverse workforce can make to the success of both the organization and the students we serve.

PREFERRED COMPETENCIES (Desirable Qualifications)

Excellent interpersonal and communication skills, including the ability to work as a member of a team;
Demonstrated expertise and success promoting teamwork and fostering collaborative relationships;
Demonstrated ability in the use of information technologies, information management tools, online course management tools, 21st century social media and mobile technologies and other technologies related to e-learning;
Understanding of and demonstrated ability to employ assessment measures and gather evidence to communicate the value of library services to internal and external customers;
Demonstrated ability to understand and embrace emerging library-related software programs and technologies;
Experience using online course software such as Blackboard, Canvas and Moodle;
Program development expertise;
Ability to multi-task and prioritize work;
Excellent presentation, instruction, and communication skills;
Possess an understanding of the non-traditional college experience and the ability to offer reference and instructional services in a distributed environment
Previous experience in library services to remote sites;
Previous experience delivering library services using e-learning systems;
Previous experience equivalent to one-three full years as a professional librarian;
Experience developing and presenting technology sessions for students and faculty;
Experience in education and/or instruction;
Working knowledge of Information Literacy Competency Skills for Higher Education
Teaching experience and/or successful completion of formal education focused on teaching methodologies;
Working knowledge of the ALA Standards for Distance Learning Library Services and accreditation standards relevant to e-learning and educational offerings in remote locations.

Will out of state candidates be considered? Yes

Salary Range: $44,730 – $46,067; Total compensation: $57,652 – $59,109

How to apply? To qualify for consideration, applicants must meet required competencies and submit a complete application packet, which includes the following:

CCS online application including supplemental questions.
Cover letter addressing your qualifications as applied to the responsibilities of this position. *
Comprehensive resume *
Names, addresses, and telephone numbers of three professional references*
College transcript(s) if applicable – unofficial/copies of transcripts are acceptable for initial application, official copies must be submitted when candidate becomes a finalist

NOTE: All of the above are required to ensure your consideration for this position. The item(s) marked with an asterisk are required to be included as an attachment to your application prior to submission.

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.

COSLA Celebrates 40 Years of Success; Plans for Future

Lexington, KY – The Chief Officers of State Library Agencies (COSLA) held its Annual Meeting at the Hilton Savannah Desoto in Savannah, Georgia during the week of October 27-31, 2013.  COSLA celebrated its 40th anniversary and devoted time to organizational planning while discussing and taking action on issues of common concern and national interest.

2013 marked the 40th anniversary for COSLA which was first organized in November 1973 at a meeting in Washington, D.C.  Former State Librarians  Al Trezza (IL) and Joe Shubert (OH) conceived the idea of COSLA during an afternoon break at the meeting.  They were standing under the stoop at the Capitol Hill Hotel (now disappeared into a parking lot) during a quiet rain.  They identified officers and the general plan and then discussed the ideas with other state librarians later in the day and evening.  In honor of the occasion, a celebratory reception and dinner for current members, past members and guests was held on the Savannah River Queen on Monday, October 28th in Savannah, Georgia.  A program providing the history of COSLA as well as testimonials from many past members was enjoyed by everyone at the event.  COSLA was pleased to have 25 past COSLA members join the celebration along with the 44 states represented at the meeting.

To read more, download this PDF press release from COSLA – COSLA Celebrates 40 Years of Success (pdf)

DIRECTOR – Boulder, CO

Today’s Date: 11/14/2013

Job Closing Date: 12/30/2013

Job Title: Director

Institution Boulder Public Library

Library Location: Boulder Colorado

Duties / Job description: Boulder – Service Excellence for an Inspired Future. The City of Boulder seeks an energetic, enthusiastic and experienced leader to continue its commitment to service excellence for its public library and arts programs. With a work force dedicated to the values of customer service, respect, integrity, collaboration and innovation, Boulder Public Library serves the city’s 100,000+ residents from the soon to be renovated Main Library, two neighborhood branches, the Carnegie Branch Library for Local History and an auxiliary North Boulder Library facility (opening in 2014). Through its staff and facilities, BPL provides support for Boulder’s performing and fine arts with exhibits, concerts, films, discussions and storytelling for people of all ages . With an $8.2 million annual budget and the support of the Boulder Public Library Foundation, the new director and staff (79.51 FTEs) will have the capacity to develop new opportunities for community involvement, programs and services, including being an integral part of the implementation of the Main Library Renovation and the Civic Area Plan and facilitating the development of an Arts and Cultural Master Plan.

Boulder, just northwest of Denver, is 5,430 feet above sea level, covering 25 square miles. It is surrounded by extensive natural areas of city trails, open space and mountain parks. The city is known for its natural beauty, preponderance of sunny days, outdoor recreation, natural product retailers, restaurants, outstanding alternative transportation options, diverse businesses and technological and academic resources. Boulder is home to the main campus of the University of Colorado (about 29,000 students) and several national labs including the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The city’s residents support many arts and cultural events, including one of the three original Chautauquas in the nation, the Colorado Shakespeare Festival, the Colorado Music Festival, a twice weekly seasonal farmers’ market, the annual Bolder Boulder race, the B oulder Museum of Contemporary Art and the Boulder International Film Festival. The city is proud of its top rankings in health, well-being, quality of life, education, and art. For additional information on the Library, the City and the area, see Boulder Links.

Responsibilities. Under the administrative direction of the City Manager, the Director provides professional guidance, acts as a key member of the City Manager’s management team, and is a policy advisor to the City Manager, Deputy City Manager, City Council, Library Commission, Arts Commission, and other committees, public groups and the Boulder Public Library Foundation. Ability to work well in a complex political environment, address conflicting goals, build consensus, and navigate the concerns of multiple stakeholders are critical skills essential for success. The two city council-appointed commissions, the Library Commission and the Arts Commission, function in an advisory capacity.

Qualifications: Qualifications. A Master’s degree in Library and Information Science, Business Administration, Public Administration or a related field; at least five years of experience as a senior manager in a complex organization; or any combination of education and experience that demonstrates the ability to successfully perform the requirements of the position. The ideal candidate will be a proven leader in the public or non-profit sector with experience in board/commission and foundation relationships, managing and creating innovative services, managing and developing staff, fostering relationships with engaged stakeholders, and developing revenue sources. Successful experience working in a municipal public or university library system, experience in promoting and ma naging arts and cultural programs, experience working with advisory boards and experience managing staff in a union or bargaining group are desirable. For additional details see Library Director job description. Residency in the city of Boulder is not a requirement of the position.

Salary Range: $102,250-$129,000 (dependent on experience and qualifications) with an excellent benefits package.
How to apply?

For further information, contact Bradbury Associates/Gossage Sager Associates. Apply via email with a meaningful cover letter and resume as Word attachments to Dan Bradbury or Jobeth Bradbury. Review of cover letters and resumes will begin on December 30, 2013. The position is open until filled.

4545 WORNALL RD., STE. 805, KANSAS CITY, MO 64111

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.

Director – Dayton, WA

Today’s Date: 11/04/2013

Job Closing Date:12/25/2013

Job Title: Director

Anticipated hours per week: Full Time

Institution Columbia County Rural Library District
Library Location: Dayton, Washington

Website (if applicable):

Duties / Job description: A. Provides administrative services to Columbia County Rural Library District operations by:
1. Assist Board of Trustees in developing and updating the District’s strategic plan
2. Administer and perform duties associated with planning, writing, and implementing policies established by the Board of Trustees interpreting and communicating Board policies to library staff and community.
3. Establish procedures to guide the library staff based on the library’s goals and objectives.
4. Develop creative plans of action and use initiative and independent judgment to carry plans to successful completion.
5. Responsible for maintaining library staff by demonstrating leadership ability that practices skills and behaviors that support the personal growth of CCRLD staff in his/her respective job.
6. Analyze, research, develop, and implement Board-approved programs for new or revised services and facilities, which are responsible for changing service area needs.
7. Maintain and enhance the organization’s Human Resources by planning, implementing, and evaluating employee relations and human resources policies, programs and practices.
8. Perform other duties as may be directed by the Board of Trustees to support the District’s mission and vision.

B. Achieve financial objectives by:
1. Manage available resources to achieve District’s mission, vision, and values in conjunction with strategic plan goals and objectives.
2. Analyze financial needs, prepares budget, and oversees budget administration.
3. Analyze opportunities for writing grant proposals.

C. Contributes to team effort by:
1. Model a management attitude and lead action, which encourages staff and Board members to see library as a consumer-directed service organization.
2. Inspire consensus team building and collaborative problem solving.

D. Building, organizes, and explains collection by:
1. Establish and/or revise collection development policies and practices.
2. Select, recommend, and order reference and circulation resources directly or through the support of paraprofessional staff.
3. Classify and catalog materials directly or through the support of paraprofessional staff.
4. Provide professional reference and readers’ advisory services directly to users or through the support of paraprofessional staff.

E. Maintains professional and technical knowledge by:
1. Attend educational workshops, conferences and/or academic classes.
2. Review professional journals.
3. Evaluate library services and current trends in library service, including management, library automation, information retrieval technologies, computer software programs, and collection development.

F. Maintains relationship with others by:
1. Develop and maintain working relationships with local officials, Library Board, Friends Group, and other community agencies.
2. Build strategic partnerships and community coalitions and foster positive relationships, especially in a rural setting.
3. Participate in the activities of relevant professional library organizations.
4. Represent the Library District in civic and community organizations.

G. Maintains safe and healthful environment by:
1. Promote a safe library environment for staff and patrons by developing and enforcing safety systems policies and procedures.
2. Comply with federal, state, and local safety regulations by studying existing and new legislation.
3. Be aware of physical structure of library building and repair/maintenance that the building may need.

H. Working environment:
1. Public service to one community library handling multiple tasks with continual interruptions.
2. Part of a library team.
3. Normal office and public library environment, covering circulation desk as need arises.
4. Travel in rural areas as needed for operation of a small rural county library.

I. Physical demands:
1. Position requires continuous standing, frequent sitting, walking, bending, reaching, handling, grasping, talking, hearing, and repetitive motions of hands/wrists.
2. Specific vision abilities required to do this job include close vision and the ability to adjust focus.
3. Ability to hear and speak with patrons, staff, and telephone callers.
4. Ability to use keyboard and to view computer monitor for extended periods.
5. Ability to check in library materials using an automated circulation system.
6. Ability to travel to area libraries and other locations inside and outside the District.
7. Ability to lift and carry at least 30 pounds.
8. Ability to push and pull 100 pound carts.

This job description is not, nor is it intended to be, a complete statement of all duties, functions and responsibilities that comprise this position.
Qualifications: Master’s degree in Library and Information Science from an accredited graduate library program preferred. In the absence of an MLS will consider applicants with library management experience.

Will out of state candidates be considered? Yes

Salary Range: $43,476 to $47,136 with benefits

How to apply? Find our employment packet at:

Mail to:
Columbia County Rural Library District
PO Box 74
Dayton, WA 99328

For more information call Janet Lyon at 509-382-4131

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.

Children’s Services Coordinator – LeClaire, IA

Today’s Date: 11/12/2013

Job Closing Date: 11/30/2013

Job Title: Children’s Services Coordinator

Anticipated hours per week: Full Time

Institution LeClaire Community Library

Library Location: LeClaire, IA

Website (if applicable):

Duties / Job description: Under the supervision of the Library Director, performs responsible and varied professional library work related to planning, organizing, and directing library programs & activities designed for children ranging in age from Birth through Grade 6.

Participates in short and long term planning, facilitation & promotion of children’s library programs & services; coordinates in-house & outreach activities, independently and with other staff members; assists patrons in the selection and use of library materials & electronic resources. Develops & maintains library collection & program supplies within the Children’s Department. Provides reference and readers’ advisory services to the public and acts as liaison with schools, daycare and homeschoolers. Provides excellent customer service and assists with general library & circulation activities, as assigned.


Education and Experience:
(A) Required-Associate’s Degree (A.A.) or equivalent; experience in Children’s or Youth public library services preferred.

(B) One year of library or related children’s services, or an equivalent combination of library training, experience and education, preferably in the library field with knowledge of professional library standards is preferred.

(C) Requires considerable organizational, typing and word processing skills, along with general computer proficiency.

(D) Interpersonal and communication skills necessary in representing the Library within the community & publicly


(A) Pre-employment drug and alcohol testing is required for this position as required per City policy.
(B) Must be able to pass a criminal background check.
(C) Possess a valid Iowa Driver’s License and a dependable vehicle for transportation to/from library outreach activities & trainings/meetings/conferences.
(D) Residency Requirement: Must reside in the State of Iowa and within ½ hr. response time from LeClaire City Hall within one (1) year of appointment to City service, per City policy.

Will out of state candidates be considered?

Salary Range: Starting rate of $10.13 per hour depending on prior, relevant experience and qualifications; eligible for increase(s) per union contract provisions, if applicable.

How to apply? Please send a cover letter, resume, and contact information for three professional references to Library Director Jillian Aschliman,

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.

Board Agenda – Nov. 22, 2013

Association for Rural and Small Libraries
Board of Directors Meeting

Friday, November 22, 2013
10:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. Central


Step 1: Dial in: 866-740-1260
Access Code: 5149183

Step 2: Web Login —

ARSL Mission Statement:
The Mission of the Association for Rural & Small Libraries is to provide a network of people and materials to support rural and small library staff, volunteers and trustees to integrate the library thoroughly with the life and work of the community it serves.


2 min. I. Welcome and Call to Order Tena Hanson,
****** Start Meeting Recording****** President

3 min. II. Consent Agenda
• Approve Minutes of September 29, 2013*/**
• Current Financial Statements*/**
• Member Services Committee Report
• Conference Planning Committee Report
• Partnerships Committee Report
• Member Development Committee Report
• Governance Committee Report
• Finance Committee Report
• Executive Committee Report
• President’s Report

5 min. III. Verbal Committee Reports if Pulled from Consent Agenda

10 min. IV. Approval of ARSL Strategic Plan & Committee Workplans*/** Tena

5 min. V. Approval of Guidelines for our Work Together as a Board*/** Tena

5 min. VI. Approve AMR Workplan*/** Tena

• A la Carte Items

10 min. VII. Review/Approve 2014 Budget*/** Mary Stenger, Treasurer

10 min. VIII. Governance Committee Paul Healey, Chair

• Web/Social Media Policy*/**

10 min. IX. Partnerships Committee Cal Shepard/Gail Sheldon,
• Approval of Affiliate Member Categories*/**

• Consider current affiliate application process/timeline

10 min. X. Conference Planning Committee

• MOU for Washington Conference*/**

• 2013 Conference A/V Price Dispute*/** Tena

3 min XI. Volunteer Position Identification: Time & Skills Needed Tena

2 min XII.  STEM Learning in Libraries Conference*/** Tena


5 min. XIV. Topics Identified for Board Work Session?

Next Board Meeting – Friday, January 17, 2014 — ReadyTalk


* Denotes Action Item
** Posted in DROP BOX

See also Board Minutes Archive

Perquimans County Librarian – Hertford, NC

Today’s Date: 10/29/2013

Job Closing Date: 11/30/2013

Job Title: Perquimans County Librarian

Anticipated hours per week: Full Time

Institution Perquimans County Library – part of the Pettigrew Regional Library System serving Perquimans, Chowan, Washington and Tyrell

Library Location: Hertford, NC

Website (if applicable):

Duties / Job description: Provides leadership, direction, and professional guidance in the delivery of library services in Perquimans County. Supervises staff of 4. Responsible for all operations in management of a very active county library. Reports to the Director of the Regional Library.

Qualifications: MLS from ALA – accredited institution; minimum three years of public library experience; eligible for certification by North Carolina Public Library Certification Board. Must have good interpersonal skills and the ability to work with community groups and county officials as well as work as a team member with the 3 other county librarians and the director.

Will out of state candidates be considered? Yes

Salary Range: $37,125/yr. min. + full benefits. A 35 hour a week position.

How to apply? Send resume, with cover letter, and three professional references to: Judi Bugniazet, Library Director, Pettigrew Regional Library, 201 East Third Street, Plymouth, NC 27962 or e-mail attachments to

For additional information or contact Judi Bugniazet at or 252-793-2875. PRL is an equal opportunity employer.

Electronic Resource Director – South Carolina

Today’s Date: 10/02/2013

Job Closing Date: 11/02/2013

Job Title: Electronic Resource Director

Anticipated hours per week: Full Time

Institution South Carolina State Library
Library Location: South Carolina

Website (if applicable):

Duties / Job description: Job Description:
Directs the Electronic Resources Program to include: Discus, Learning Express, Ferguson’s, E-Books Programs, TumbleBooks, Evanced Summer Reader Program, and other electronic resources which will benefit all South Carolina citizens through the state’s schools, colleges and public libraries.

Directs the overall operations of the Electronic Resources program. In collaboration with State Library Administration, plans, implements, manages and monitors all Electronic Resource programs including, Discus. Performs administrative functions of Electronic Resources. Responsible for monitoring, evaluating, goal setting, and determining the return on investment for each program and suggesting an adjusted course of action if needed. Monitors statistical usage and provides trending information to Administration. Works with advisory bodies and users to assess needs, evaluate and select databases.
Responsible for negotiation of contracts with vendors, budgeting, and collaborative purchasing agreements. Coordinates selection, purchase and vendor support of products. Responsible for comparison of content so that duplication is minimal. Must know target group needs and be able to build relationships which support collaborative buying power. Works with vendors to resolve technical, content and support issues. Must have solid understanding of relevant technology which allows for problem solving and ease of explanation to others, ensuring competent recommendations of products to purchase.
Responsible for managing collaborative opportunities with partners to increase participation and understanding of various programs. Responsible for direct promotion of programs with assistance of the PR/Marketing Director. Prepares and presents promotional and instructional presentations and exhibits. Consults with libraries and educational institutions to facilitate and support participation in various programs.
Responsible for one direct report: Discus Training Coordinator however, serves as a member of the Leadership Team. Must have strong management capabilities and be able to operate as a team.

Qualifications: Minimum Requirements:
Master’s degree in library science from an ALA accredited college/university and 6 years appropriate professional library experience.
Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities:
Extensive knowledge of organization, procedure, policy, goals and services of the agency. Extensive knowledge of the principles, practices and objectives of state library programs, considerable knowledge of administrative policies and procedures governing library service programs. Knowledge and experience in budget planning for electronic database resources. Knowledge of public relations and marketing techniques. Knowledge of current and emerging information science trends and technologies. Ability to establish effective working relationships with outside agencies, governing boards, public officials and the general public.
Receives limited supervision. Requires a high degree of independence, initiative and discretion. Consults with agency administration on plans, policies and decisions that affect the overall direction and implementation of the Agency’s Electronic Resources. Reports progress to agency administration.
Position involves in-state travel, including some overnight travel, to make presentations, staff exhibits and provide library consulting services. Valid driver’s license required. May involve out-of-state travel for professional development.

Will out of state candidates be considered? Yes

Salary Range: $37,945 – $70,204

How to apply? Apply online at

To post job openings, please see Job Submissions.